Biography | amadeo modigliani, modigliani, amadeo modigliani biography, amedeo modigliani
Born into a Jewish family in Livorno , Tuscany , Italy , Modigliani was the fourth child of Flaminio Modigliani and his French-born wife, Eugnie Garsin. His father was in the money-changing business, but when the business went bankrupt the family lived in poverty.Beset with health problems after a bout of typhoid at the age of 14, he contracted tuberculosis two years later. The tuberculosis affected him for the rest of his life. He, as well as other family members, experienced depression. From a stubborn, independent lot, in 1898 his 26-year-old brother, Emmanuel, was sentenced to six months imprisonment for anarchist activities.In 1902, Modigliani enrolled in the Free School of Nude Studies (Scuola libera di Nudo) in Florence and a year later moved to Venice where he registered to study at the Istituto per le Belle Arti di Venezia. It is in Venice that he first smoked hashish and, rather than studying, began to spend time frequenting disreputable parts of the city. In 1906, Modigliani moved to Paris , the then focal point of the avant-garde, where became the epitome of the tragic artist, creating a posthumous legend almost as famous as that of Vincent van Gogh.Settling in Le Bateau-Lavoir, a commune for penniless artists in Montmartre , he was soon busy painting, at first influenced by the work of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec until Paul Czanne changed his views. Eventually, Modigliani developed his own unique style, one that cannot be adequately categorized with other artists.He was noted for his fast work, usually finishing a portrait in one or two sittings and never reworked. Yet, those who posed for him said that being painted by Modigliani was like having their soul laid bare.